Battistero paleocristiano di Santa Maria Maggiore (Rotonda) Nocera Superiore
Among the most fascinating evidence of the ancient city is the early Christian baptistery of Santa Maria Maggiore, dell’inknown locally as La Rotonda. Dating back to the second half of the 6th century AD, it stands on a magnificent Roman architectural complex.
The layout of the monument, which is reminiscent of Santa Costanza in Rome, centres on an enormous three-metre high cylinder, with a baptismal fountain in the centre, the second largest in Italy after the one in the church of San Giovanni in Laterano in Rome. Along the edge of the dome, fifteen coupled columns and the architrave support the structure.
In the Middle Ages, the baptistery underwent significant modifications. Next to the portal on the left side are two niches with frescoes of scenes from the New Testament. They date back to the late 16th century and are reminiscent of the style of Andrea Vanni, a 14th-century artist from Siena who spent time in Nocera at the court of Pope Urban VI at Castello del Parco.
Images: Lorenzo Schiavo, Miguel Hermoso Cuesta, Poul Krogsgård, Ubegrænset, Angelo D’Ambra